First Version Due: November 11
Second Version: November 18
Third Version: December 9
What is an Annotated Bibliography?
The Annotated Bibliography, or A.B., is the written record of your research
process. Without a continuously updated A.B., you can't show that you're
actually conducting research.
The A.B. is always longer than your References page at the end of an
APA-formatted paper. This is because you include everything you have considered
in your research - it is a full record of your research. The References
page at the end of an APA-formatted paper includes only those sources
you "reference" or use.
You will hand in an A.B. with every draft along the way to the final
How do I do the A.B.?
The A.B. is fairly straightforward. Like the References page to an APA
Style paper, it is organized alphabetically. In fact, you follow the same
format as you do on the References page. If you're on the ball, you'll
simply paste your formatting from the A.B. to the References page as you
complete a draft. In other words, just paste the reference for the sources
you use in the paper from the A.B. to the References page.
>You should have a clear heading for your A.B. It should have your
name, the course, the title for your paper/project, and Annotated Bibliography.
>For each source you look at in your research, you'll include the reference
(the citation) in APA format. This is the "bibliography" part
in the annotated bibliography.
>In addition to the "bibliography" part, you need the "annotated"
part. An annotation is 6-12 sentences that does two things. First, it
provides a basic overview of the source - a brief summary or distillation.
Here, it is often helpful to indicate key terms or concepts in the source,
particularly if they might come in handy later. Second, and this is very
important, it indicates how and why you think the source might prove useful
for your project (or why it won't prove useful). You must have these two
elements for each annotation. Each research assignment in the course asks
you to prepare the material that goes into this kind of annotation. You
could simply paste the relevant text from your research assignment into
>That's all. (You might put each source on its own page if you like,
but it isn’t necessary. Also, annotations can be single-spaced to