Due: February 17
There are a variety of documentation styles. We’ll use MLA (Modern Language Association) style in our class. In the social sciences and many professional programs you’ll use something called APA (American Psychological Association). Historians often use CMS (Chicago Manual of Style). No matter the style, you need to have the same basic information when you’re working with sources.
MLA citation style has 3 key elements
- Name of the author in the text (often with something called a “signal phrase” that helps transition the reader into the quote).
- The specific page number for the quote or reference.
- A list of references called “Works Cited” that appears at the end of the paper.
- In MLA-3a, Hacker tells us about the ellipsis mark and brackets.
- Find two quotes in your draft. Write those sentences.
- Now rewrite one with an ellipsis mark and one with a bracket. What do these tools enable you to do when you’re integrating quotes?
- Signal phrasing enables us to weave our work with others’ texts into our papers. It helps introduce others’ ideas or information, and helps the reader know what’s coming.
- Find two quotes in your draft. Make sure one comes from each author we’re working with. Write the quotes.
- Now, revise each quote to include effective signal phrasing. (Our Templates can also help.)
- In-text citation may seem like a pain in the @$$. But it is vitally important in academic contexts because it helps the reader see where your material comes from. (Sloppiness here leaves the reader skeptical about your work.)
- Take each of your four revised sentences with quotations and revise again for appropriate MLA in-text citation.
- For at least one sentence, try to cite without naming the author in a signal phrase. Why might you not use a signal phrase sometimes?
- Long quotes are handled a little differently (Hacker 381-2). Take one of your quotes and expand it to make it a long quote. Cite it and explain how you had to change some of the elements of the citation.
- Using MLA-4b in Hacker, try to identify just what kinds of sources we’re dealing with in paper 1. Why do you think they fit the type you have chosen? Attempt a Works Cited list that includes these two sources. (Use this as the opportunity to get it right for the final draft!)